De Santis, Giuseppe

(1917-1997)
   Critic, screenwriter, director. Widely acknowledged as one of the founding fathers of neorealism, De Santis enrolled in directing at the Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia in 1941 and was soon one of the leading critical voices in the journal Cinema, which advocated a greater sense of realism in Italian films. This advocacy was put into practice in 1942 when he collaborated on the script and served as assistant director on the film that is generally regarded as the immediate forebearer of neorealism, Luchino Visconti's Ossessione (Obsession, 1943).
   In the immediate postwar period De Santis collaborated with Mario Serandrei, Luchino Visconti, Gianni Puccini, and others on the partisan documentary Giorni di Gloria (Days of Glory, 1945). He then made his directorial debut with Caccia tragica (Tragic Hunt, 1947), a film about the last days of the Resistance movement financed by the National Partisan Association (ANPI). A year later he achieved what would remain the greatest success of his career with Riso amaro (Bitter Rice, 1949), a film that daringly mixed a neorealist preoccupation with contemporary social conditions with the more popular elements of the American crime film and tragic melodrama. The film broke all box office records, launched the career of Silvana Mangano, and introduced a new upfront eroticism into Italian cinema. Despite his strongly theoretical background as a critic, De Santis proved to be an extremely eclectic director, making a wide range of films that included pastoral melodramas such as Non c'epace tra gli ulivi (No Peace under the Olive Tree, 1950), urban neorealist chronicles such as Roma ore 11 (Rome 11:00, 1952), the romantic rural fable of Giorni d'amore (Days of Love, 1954), and the epic Italiani brava gente (Attack and Retreat, 1964), a masterful recreation of the disastrous rout of the Italian army in Russia at the end of World War II. After this extraordinary film, and despite a host of projects, De Santis was strangely but consistently marginalized within the film industry. His only subsequent film, Un apprezzato professionista di sicuro avvenire (A Qualified Professional with an Assured Future, 1972), was very poorly received and generally panned. Nevertheless, after a long period of silence and neglect, his significant contribution to Italian cinema was finally recognized in 1995 when he was presented with a Golden Lion at the Venice Festival for his lifetime achievement.
   Historical Dictionary of Italian Cinema by Alberto Mira

Guide to cinema. . 2011.

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  • De Santis, Giuseppe — (1917 1997)    Critic, screenwriter, director. Widely acknowledged as one of the founding fathers of neorealism, De Santis enrolled in directing at the Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia in 1941 and was soon one of the leading critical voices… …   Historical dictionary of Italian cinema

  • De Santis, Giuseppe — • ДЕ СА НТИС (De Santis) Джузеппе (р. 11.2.1917)    итал. режиссёр. Окончил Рим. ун т. В 1940 поступил в Эксперим. киноцентр в Риме. Занимался на актёрском, затем на реж. отделениях. В 1942 1943 как кинокритик ж. Cinema резко критиковал офиц. фаш …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • De Santis, Giuseppe — ▪ 1998       Italian film director whose Riso amaro (Bitter Rice) was considered the first successful Neorealist film and established his career; in 1995 he was honoured with a Lifetime Achievement Award at the Berlin Film Festival (b. Feb. 11,… …   Universalium

  • Giuseppe de Santis — (11 février 1917 16 mai 1997) était un réalisateur italien de cinéma, sans doute l un des plus marquants du Néo réalisme des années 1940. Ses films sont ponctués d appels ardents à la réforme sociale. Il était le frère du directeur de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Santis — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Giuseppe De Santis (1917–1997), italienischer Regisseur Graziella de Santis (* 1976), deutsche Schauspielerin Pablo de Santis (* 1963), argentinischer Schriftsteller Pasqualino De Santis (1927–1998),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Santis — Sạntis,   Giuseppe De, italienischer Filmregisseur, autor und kritiker, De Santis, Giuseppe …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Giuseppe De Santis — (* 11. Februar 1917 in Fondi; † 16. Mai 1997 in Rom) war ein italienischer Filmregisseur, der dem Neorealismus zugeordnet wird. Er ist bekannt für seine sozialkritischen Filme, wie Bitterer Reis von 1949, die den Ruf nach sozialen Reformen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giuseppe de Santis — (Fondi, 11 de febrero de 1917 Roma; 18 de mayo de 1997), director de cine italiano, es uno de los representantes del neorrealismo italiano que siguió a la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Fue el hijo de Oreste (un reputado geómetra) y de Teresa Goduti.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Giuseppe De Santis — Données clés Naissance 11 février 1917 Fondi, Latium Italie Nationalité Italienne Décès …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giuseppe Verdi's Rigoletto Story — (2005) is a film version of Giuseppe Verdi s opera Rigoletto (libretto by Francesco Maria Piave). Filmed in Siena in 2002 (Arturo Toscanini Foundation), it was directed by Gianfranco Fozzi and produced by David Guido Pietroni and Maurizio De… …   Wikipedia

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